Different types of Resume
It can be said that a Resume is the single most important tool in a job search. Nearly, everyone you talk to in regard to a job will at first ask to see your resume and will only then consider whether to even talk to you or not. Sadly, that is the truth of the industry; hence, it necessary to have a strong resume. While that is a must it should be noted that a resume can follow various different patterns.
Selecting which type of resume to use is as important as the information we put in that resume. The reason for this is that even if you have the most stellar qualifications, what good is that if it the format of the resume does not show it off. All those qualifications may be lost among all the other information in the resume. Hence, you must select the type of Resume that best suits your needs and qualifications.
Here are some of the most popular different types of Resumes:
1. Chronological Resume
As the name suggests, a chronological resume shows the information chronologically. It is also known as reverse chronological résumé. It is the most commonly used type of resume and works best to show off your previous jobs and positions.
It is ideal for use by people who have had a long steady work history. It also shows the linear progression of one’s career. It is best suited from people who want to remain in their chosen career.
The benefit of this type of resume is that it immediately shows your entire work history, or at least the most relevant one at a single glance. Thus allowing recruiters to see what you have done so far in your career. It is also for this reason that employers tend to prefer this type of resume.
2. Functional Resume
The functional resume is designed to show off your skills and qualifications. Rather than focusing on your previous job positions and their titles, it intends to show off what you can bring forward from those jobs.
While all resumes should be tailored for the job that one is applying for, this applies even more so here. As each job may be different, a functional resume should be versatile showing off those skills that will be the most beneficial for the job you will be applying to.
This makes an ideal format for people who want to change careers, and for whom showing of the various titles will not make sense. It is also beneficial for people who do not have a long or impressive work history or have a spotted work history with gaps in it. In these kinds of situations, this type of format ensures that your skills and relevant qualifications are the first thing that the recruiter sees. You may still have to justify your work history or lack off in the interview, but at least you will have a chance to get to the interview.
3. Combination or Hybrid Resume
This type of resume format is a combination or a hybrid of the chronological and functional resume types. A hybrid resume lists both the relevant job skills as well as the list of job titles and employers. The way this resume works is that it starts of listing all your skills and qualifications that you have learned from the previous job searches, similar to the functional resume. It then follows this section with a chronological list of job titles and employers. Due to this format, it often happens that a bunch of information is often repeated. Hence, this format is not that preferred by employers and employees alike.
However, a benefit of using the hybrid format is that it is very versatile in nature. One can use it to show the chronological work history which interjecting it to show one’s skills and qualifications. The combination or hybrid resume can be tailored in any manner one chooses and can even be employed to tell a story to the employer, if used correctly.
4. Targeted Resume
Targeted resumes are highly detailed. They are often customized to the job that one is applying for. Targeted resumes are intended to be your life story on a paper. It can include anything and everything from your work history, skills and qualifications, educational experience, hobbies and volunteer work, etc. Basically, it includes anything and everything that you want to tell your employer or recruiter.
While it may seem that the more details the better, the problem with this kind of resume is the fact that it is every time-consuming, both to make as well as to read. Hence, there is often a risk that the recruiter may not read the entire thing, which may lead to important details being missed in all the information presented.
5. Online Resume
This is a newer category that has developed due to technological advancements. As more and more people connect digitally, either over e-mail or on social media or other platforms, they are constantly sending their information, such as resumes electronically. While, most people still tend to use the previously listed format, just in an electronic format, it should be noted that a number of recruiters now use keyword search and density to shortlist resumes.
A recruiter may get hundreds of resumes a day. As they can’t possibly do through each one, they run them through a software that searches for relevant keywords and skills that are included in the resume. The ones that do not have those keywords are often discarded with the recruiter never having even laid eyes on them. Hence, it is often necessary to ensure that an online resume is keyword friendly and search optimized.
6. Non-Traditional Resume
Another side effect of technological advancement is that people are moving away from traditional resumes. More and more people are employing out of the box thinking, and even gimmicks to get themselves and their resumes noticed.
This can include website resumes, where people make their own website to showcase their skills and qualifications. Other non-traditional resumes can also include video or infographics that work as their resume.
However, while these may help one stand out from the crowd, it should be noted that not all attention is good attention. Many recruiters often tend to look down upon such resumes especially if you are applying for a job in a more traditional field and/or if the employer is traditional minded. These resumes are acceptable only when the employers ask for it themselves, if you intend to work in a less traditional career, or if it has something to do with the job itself. For example, a videographer submitting a video resume will be more acceptable rather than say a factory supervisor.
There are many different types of resumes out there and you should pick one that fits your need. Go with your gut, and pick the one that resonates the most with you, even if that is a non-traditional one. You can even use a completely new format, one that is not even listed here, just make sure that the company you will be sending it to is open to the possibility.