What are the basic components of Linux?

What are the basic components of Linux?

List most other operating systems, Linux includes the following basic components:

  • Kernel – Maintains all the vital abstractions of the operating system, as well as the virtual memory and processes.
  • System libraries – a typical set of functions through which applications can interrelate through the kernel.
  • Shells and GUIs – Interface to the kernel. Takes commands from the user and executes kernel's functions.
  • System utilities – System programs that execute individual, particular and specialized managing tasks
  • Application program – Various applications that can be used for various different tasks by the user

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