What is an object oriented language?

An object oriented language is a type of programming language that uses objects, specifically, the ‘idea of encapsulating state and operations inside "objects".’ It incorporates all of the features of object oriented programming (OOPs) including Polymorphism and Inheritance.

In OOP, the programmers define not only the data type of a data structure, but also the types of operations or functions that can be applied to the data structure. Hence, the object can include both data and functions. Additionally, a relationship can be created between the object and another. An object can also inherit characteristics from other objects.

Some significant object-oriented languages include Java, C++, C#, Python, PHP, Ruby, Perl, Object Pascal, Objective-C, Dart, Swift, Scala, Common Lisp, and Smalltalk.

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